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Michigan Voting

How to Register to Vote in Michigan

To be eligible to register to vote in Michigan, you must be:

  • A Michigan resident (at the time you register) and a resident of your city or township for at least 30 days (when you vote)

  • A United States citizen

  • 17.5 years of age and will be 18 by time of election

  • Not currently serving a sentence in jail or prison

      Note: formerly incarcerated people CAN vote in Michigan. To double check, you can go here.

  • There is no deadline to register to vote in MI

    • Individuals who register to vote within 14 days of an election must appear in person at their city or township clerk’s office and provide proof of residency


What you will need to register: 

You do not need a photo ID or proof of citizenship to register to vote. You will be asked to show your photo ID if you register to vote in person, but if you don’t have an ID or don’t have one with you, you can sign a simple form and then register to vote.


Only voters who register to vote within 14 days of the election must provide proof of residency. Proof of residency is a document that includes your name and current address. You can show a digital or paper copy of any of the following documents: 

  • MI Driver license or State ID

  • Utility Bills 

  • Bank Statement 

  • Paychecks 

  • Government check

  • Other official government documents

Michigan voter registration options:

You can register to vote in Michigan online, by mail or in-person at your local clerk's office. 



Prior to the fourteenth day before Election Day, you can register online at the Michigan Secretary of State website.

You will need a valid MI driver’s license or State ID to register online.


By Mail 

Prior to the fourteenth day before Election Day, you can fill out a voter registration application and mail it to your city or township clerk.


In Person 

Visit your city or township clerk’s office, fill out an application, and turn it into the clerk. This option is available up to and through 8:00 p.m. Election Day.

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How to Vote Before Election Day in Michigan

Voting Before Election Day in Michigan

All registered voters in Michigan can vote before Election Day using an absentee ballot. You don’t need an excuse or a reason. At least 75 days prior to each election, you can apply for an absentee ballot online, by mail, or in person.

In 2022, voters passed a constitutional amendment requiring the addition of 9 days of in-person early voting at “early voting sites.” These sites will operate similar to traditional polling locations, but may be set up to serve voters from more than one city or township. Though the first election that will require this change will be the 2024 presidential primary, some communities may begin offering this option in 2023.


Applying to Vote Absentee

You can apply for an absentee ballot online, by mail, or in person. Michigan voters may now sign up to receive an absentee ballot automatically for each election, instead of having to submit a new application each time. When completing your absentee ballot application, check the box indicating you would like a ballot mailed to you before each election to join the permanent mail ballot list. 


Online requests can be made up until 5 PM the Friday before Election Day and will require a valid Michigan driver license or state ID. 

You can also download and print a paper absentee voter application online and then return it to your city or township clerk by mail or in person. If you do not have internet access, you can also call your city or township clerk and request that the paper application be mailed to you. 


Visiting your city or township clerk’s office in person is the best option if you are trying to request an absentee ballot very close to Election Day. 

How do I request an absentee ballot if I have a disability?

Voters with print disabilities may apply for an accessible electronic absent voter ballot that can be completed electronically, printed, and returned to the city or township clerk. To apply online for an accessible electronic absent voter ballot, complete this form.

Submitting your Absentee Ballot 

After you submit your absentee ballot application, the clerk will mail you your absentee ballot. Or, if you have turned in your application in person at the clerk’s office, they may give you your ballot right there. Generally, your absentee ballot MUST be received by your city or township clerk by 8:00 p.m. on Election Day to be counted. Absentee ballots from military and overseas voters, however, can be counted if they are postmarked by Election Day and received by the city or township clerk within six days thereafter. 


Your ballot will not be counted unless your signature is on the return envelope and matches your signature on file. If you received assistance voting the ballot, then the signature of the person who helped you must also be on the return envelope. 

There are a few options to submit your completed absentee ballot: 

  • By mail: We recommend putting your ballot in the mail no later than two weeks prior to Election Day

  • In person: Drop it off at your city or township clerk's office or in a secure drop box provided by your clerk. Only you, a family member or person residing in your household, a mail carrier, or election official is authorized to deliver your signed absentee ballot to your clerk's office.

  • Pick up: Your city or township clerk can pick up your completed ballot. To use this option, your completed ballot must be within the city or township where you vote, and you must call your city or township clerk by 5 p.m. on the Friday before Election Day to request that your ballot be picked up.


All registered voters can track their completed ballot by looking up their information here.


Can I change my vote after submitting my absentee ballot?

A voter can spoil their completed and submitted ballot by mailing a written request to their city or township clerk or visiting their clerk’s office in person. 

  • By mail: Request must be received by 5 PM the Friday before the election

  • In person: Request must be received by 10 AM the Monday prior to the election


An absentee ballot that has not been returned to the clerk may be spoiled in person at the clerk’s office until 4 PM the Monday prior to the election. If a voter has not returned their ballot, they can surrender the ballot or sign a statement stating that the ballot was lost or destroyed and vote at the polls. There is no option on Election Day to spoil an absentee ballot that has been received by the clerk.

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Additional Voter Information

Voting for College Students who live on campus

  • College students can register to vote either at their home address OR school address, but not both. You can only register and vote in one location.


  • If students decide to register at an address that is different from what is listed on their driver’s license, be aware that any change to a voter registration address will automatically update the state’s records for your driver’s license address as well. A sticker will be sent in the mail to update the address on your license

  • New voter ID laws now permit the use of student identification cards with a photo from a high school or accredited institution of higher education to satisfy the identification requirement to vote in person. Click here for a complete list of accepted documents.

Military and Overseas Voter Information 

  • Federal Government passed the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) allowing US citizens who are on active duty or out of the country the ability to vote through absentee ballot 

  • Fill out the Voter Registration and Absentee Ballot Request Form via or download it 

    • Recommended to submit it 90 days before the election

Information for People Experiencing Houselessness

People experiencing houselessness or housing insecurity can still register to vote. There are a few recommended options for eligible voters without a permanent home address. You can: 

  • List a shelter address as your voting address on your voter registration form.

  • Use a street corner or a park address on voter registration form.

  • List an address where you receive mail.

Key Dates & Deadlines

  • Now: Request your absentee ballot online or submit a paper application.

  • January 18, 2024: Absentee ballots must be available to voters. Vote in-person at your city or township clerk's office.

  • February 12, 2024: Last day to register to vote online or by mail (after February 12, you'll need to register in person at your city or township clerk's office with proof of residency).

  • February 13, 2024: Last day we recommend dropping your ballot in the mail. After February 13, we recommend dropping your ballot off at your city or township clerk's office or in a secure dropbox provided by your clerk. (*NEW* Alternatively, you can bring your completed ballot to your early voting site or polling place and insert it directly into a tabulator.)

  • February 16, 2024: *NEW DEADLINE* If you've already returned your absentee ballot but want to change your vote, you have until 5:00 p.m. on February 16 to cancel your ballot and request a new one. After this deadline, your absentee ballot will be counted. 

  • February 17, 2024: First day of the mandatory early voting period. Locate your early voting site(s) here

  • February 25, 2024: Last day of the mandatory early voting period. 

  • February 26, 2024: If you're already registered to vote where you live, you can vote absentee in person at your city or township clerk's office until 4:00 p.m. on February 26. (after February 26, you must vote at your polling place on Election Day)

  • February 27, 2024: Election Day! Polls are open from 7:00 a.m. until 8:00 p.m. local time.

    • If you need to register or update your registration, you may do so at your city or township clerk's office until 8:00 p.m. Once registered, you can vote at your clerk's office or, if time permits, at your assigned polling place.​

    • For most voters, absentee ballots must be received by your city or township clerk by 8:00 p.m. (unless you are a military or overseas voter, in which case your ballot must be postmarked by this date).

  • March 1, 2024: *NEW* If you learn that there is an issue with the signature on your absentee ballot envelope, you must correct the error by 5:00 p.m. on March 1 for your ballot to be counted. 

  • March 4, 2024: Military and overseas voters' absentee ballots must be received by their city or township clerk to be considered timely. 

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Michigan Redistricting

Maps have been released by the Michigan Independent Citizen Redistricting Committee. Click the button below to see the new congressional, state senate, and state house maps. You can type your address in the upper left-hand corner of each map to see what district lines you are in now. 

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